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Minimalism is an art movement that gained popularity in the 1960s. It is characterized by extreme geometric abstraction, conveying only the essential elements of structure, form, and color. Because of this clarity, emphasis is placed on taking in the object as a whole, rather than studying the minute details.

Austere Minimalism sculpture is often monochromatic and relies on industrial materials such as aluminum, powder-coated steel, bricks, or florescent lights. These materials also lend themselves to the modular or serial arrangements representative of the style. Repetition is a key aspect of many Minimalist works from Donald Judd’s installations of vertically or horizontally organized box-like units to Sol LeWitt’s instructions for reproducible pencil drawings. Other influential Minimalist artists include Ellsworth Kelly, Carl André, Dan Flavin, and Agnes Martin.